CPS370
Fall 1997 Statistical Natural Language Processing

Announcement

We're on TV! Well, actually the seminar is now being held over a video link between UNC and Duke. The rooms are 08 Peabody at UNC and North Building 130a at Duke. Time: 2pm-3:20pm.

Evolving Syllabus

Introduction

Researchers creating practical systems that manipulate human languages are turning more frequently to statistical or corpus-based approaches. The goal of this seminar is familiarize participants with some of the applications and techniques that define this emerging and exciting area.

Sample natural-language applications include:

Sample computational techniques include: Participants will read and discuss research papers from recent journals and conference proceedings.

Papers to Discuss

Full References

Eugene Charniak, Curtis Hendrickson, Neil Jacobson, and Mike Perkowitz. Equations for part-of-speech tagging. In Proceedings of the Eleventh National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Menlo Park: AAAI Press/MIT Press (1993) 784-789.

L.R. Rabiner and B.H. Juang, "An Introduction to Hidden Markov Models", IEEE ASSP Magazine, Jan., 1986, pp. 4-16.

Glenn Carroll and Eugene Charniak. Two experiments on learning probabilistic dependency grammars from corpora . Technical Report CS-92-16, Brown University, Department of Computer Science, Providence, RI, 1992.

Eugene Charniak. Statistical parsing with a context-free grammar and word statistics. In Proceedings of the Fourteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence AAAI, Press/MIT Press, Menlo Park, 1997.

Eugene Charniak, Glenn Carroll, John Adcock, Anthony Cassandra, Yoshihiko Gotoh, Jeremy Katz, Michael Littman and John McCann. Taggers for parsers. Artificial Intelligence, 85 (1--2): 45--57, August, 1996.

Eric Brill. Transformation-based error-driven learning and natural language processing: A case study in part of speech tagging. Computational Linguistics, December 1995.

Eric Brill. Learning to parse with transformations. In Recent Advances in Parsing Technology, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996.

Eric Brill. Unsupervised learning of disambiguation rules for part of speech tagging. To appear in Natural Language Processing Using Very Large Corpora. Kluwer Academic Press, 1997.

Adwait Ratnaparkhi. A maximum entropy part-of-speech tagger. In Proceedings of the Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing Conference, May 17-18, 1996.

Steven Abney. Statistical methods and linguistics. In: Judith Klavans and Philip Resnik (eds.), The Balancing Act. The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pages 2-26 (Chapter 1), 1996.

Michael W. Berry, Susan T. Dumais, and G. W. O'Brien. Using linear algebra for intelligent information retrieval. SIAM Review, 37(4), 1995, 573-595.

Susan T. Dumais, Thomas K. Landauer. and Michael L. Littman. Automatic cross-linguistic information retrieval using Latent Semantic Indexing. In SIGIR'96 - Workshop on Cross-Linguistic Information Retrieval, pp. 16-23, August 1996.

Peter F. Brown, John Cocke, Stephen A. Della Pietra, Vincent J. Della Pietra, Frederick Jelinek, John D. Lafferty, Robert L. Mercer, and Paul S. Roossin. A statistical approach to machine translation. Computational Linguistics, Volume 16, Number 2, June 1990.

Peter F. Brown, Jennifer C. Lai, and Robert L. Mercer. Aligning sentences in parallel corpora. In Proceedings of the Conference of the Association of Computational Linguistics, Berkeley, pp. 169-176, 1991.

Stanley F. Chen. Aligning sentences in bilingual corpora using lexical information. In Proceedings of the 31st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 9-16, 1993.

Pascale Fung and Kathleen McKeown. A technical word and term translation aid using noisy parallel corpora across language groups, The Machine Translation Journal, Special Issue on New Tools for Human Translators, 53--87, 1996.

David Yarowsky. Unsupervised word sense disambiguation rivaling supervised methods. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Cambridge, MA, pp. 189-196, 1995.

Hinrich Schütze and Jan O. Pedersen. Information retrieval based on word senses. In Fourth Annual Symposium on Document Analysis and Information Retrieval, pages 161-175, Las Vegas NV, 1995.

Other References

Thomas K. Landauer and Michael L. Littman. Fully automatic cross-language document retrieval using latent semantic indexing. In Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Conference of the UW Centre for the New Oxford English Dictionary and Text Research, pp. 31-38. UW Centre for the New OED and Text Research, Waterloo Ontario, October 1990.

D. Beeferman, A. Berger, and J. Lafferty. Text segmentation using exponential models. In Proceedings of the Second Conference On Empirical Methods in NLP, Providence, RI, 1997.

Eric Brill. Some Advances in Transformation-Based Part of Speech Tagging. In Proceedings of the 12th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence. Volume 1 (AAAI94-1). Seattle, WA, USA, 1994. 722-727.

J. Lafferty, D. Sleator, and D. Temperley. Grammatical trigrams: A probabilistic model of link grammar. In Proceedings of the AAAI Fall Symposium on Probabilistic Approaches to Natural Language, Cambridge, MA, October 1992.

Philip Resnik and I. Dan Melamed. Semi-automatic acquisition of domain-specific translation lexicons. In Proceedings of the 5th ANLP Conference, 1997

Philip Resnik. Disambiguating noun groupings with respect to WordNet senses. In Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Very Large Corpora, MIT, 30 June 1995.

I. Dan Melamed. Automatic discovery of non-compositional compounds in parallel data. In Proceedings of the 2nd Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP'97), Providence, RI, 1997.

Eric Brill. Automatic grammar induction and parsing free text: A transformation-based approach. In ACL 1993.

Eugene Charniak. Statistical techniques for natural language parsing. AI Magazine. (forthcoming).

Adam L. Berger, Stephen A. Della Pietra, and Vincent J. Della Pietra. A maximum entropy approach to natural language processing. Computational Linguistics, 22 (1): 39--68, 1996.

Adwait Ratnaparkhi. A simple introduction to maximum entropy models for natural language processing. Technical Report 97-08, Institute for Research in Cognitive Science, University of Pennsylvania, 1997.

Hinrich Schütze. Dimensions of meaning. In Proceedings of Supercomputing, pages 787-796, Minneapolis MN, 1992.

Pascale Fung and Kathleen McKeown. Aligning noisy parallel corpora across language groups: Word pair feature matching by dynamic time warping. In AMTA 94: Partnerships in Translation Technology, Columbia, Maryland: Oct. 1994, 81--88.

Thomas K. Landauer and Susan T. Dumais. A solution to Plato's problem: The latent semantic analysis theory of acquisition, induction and representation of knowledge. Psychological Review, 1997, 104 (2), 211-240.

Eric Sven Ristad and Robert G. Thomas. New techniques for context modeling. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Meeting of the ACL, Cambridge, MA, June 27-30, 1995.

I. Dagan and A. Itai. Word sense disambiguation using a second language monolingual corpus. Computational Linguistics, 20, 563-596, 1994.

D. Yarowsky. Decision lists for lexical ambiguity resolution: Application to accent restoration in Spanish and French. In Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Las Cruces, NM, pp. 88-95, 1994.

Papers Without Links

Eugene Charniak: Natural language learning. ACM Computing Surveys, 27(3), Sept 1995. 317-319.

Kenneth W. Church. One Term Or Two? Proceedings of the 18th Annual International Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval (SIGIR'95) (SIGIR95). Seattle, WA, USA, 1995. 310-318.

Gale, W., K. Church, and D. Yarowsky. ``A Method for Disambiguating Word Senses in a Large Corpus.'' Computers and the Humanities. 26, pp. 415-439, 1992.

M. E. Lesk, `` Automatic Sense Disambiguation Using Machine Readable Dictionaries: How to Tell a Pine Cone from an Ice Cream Cone,'' Proc. 1986 SIGDOC Conference, Toronto, Ontario, June, 1986

Incomplete References

Abney eg

Philip Resnik. Corpus Linguistics Page bib another bib

Hinrich Schutze. Don Hindle. Jelinek.

Eugene Charniak, 1997 AAAI best paper. Charniak and Goldman, Bayes Nets in story understanding.

Church's tagging stuff. And Good Turing.

Brown corpus.

Peter Brown et al. Word sense disambiguation using statistical methods. Also Class-based n-gram models of natural language. And the classic automatic translation work.

Ido Dagan, Alon Itai. Word sense disambiguation using a second language monolingual corpus.

Stuff in The Computation and Language E-Print Archive: ``Cue Phrase Classification Using Machine Learning'' (Litman), ``Stochastic Attribute-Value Grammars'' (Abney), ``Learning string edit distance'' (Ristad and Yianilos), ``Unsupervised Language Acquisition'' (de Marcken), ``Nonuniform Markov models'' (Ristad and Thomas), ``Comparative Experiments on Disambiguating Word Senses: An Illustration of the Role of Bias in Machine Learning'' (Mooney), ``Hybrid language processing in the Spoken Language Translator'' (Rayner and Carter), ``Automatic Extraction of Subcategorization from Corpora'' (Briscoe and Carroll), ``Fast Statistical Parsing of Noun Phrases for Document Indexing'' (Zhai), ``A Maximum Entropy Approach to Identifying Sentence Boundaries'' (Reynar and Ratnaparkhi), ``Machine Transliteration'' (Knight and Grahel), ``Sense Tagging: Semantic Tagging with a Lexicon'' (Wilks and Stevenson), ``A Corpus-Based Approach for Building Semantic Lexicons'' (Riloff and Shepherd), ``Mistake-Driven Learning in Text Categorization'' (Dagan, Karov, and Roth), ``Distinguishing Word Senses in Untagged Text'' (Pedersen and Bruce), ``A Linear Observed Time Statistical Parser Based on Maximum Entropy Models'' (Ratnaparkhi).

Title: Combining Multiple Methods for the Automatic Construction of Multilingual WordNets, Authors: Jordi Atserias (Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya), Salvador Climent (Universitat de Barcelona), Xavier Farreres,German Rigau (Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya), Horacio Rodriguez (Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya) Comments: 7 pages, 4 postscript figures Journal-ref: EACL/ACL 97 Madrid pages 48-55, Paper: cmp-lg/9709003

Brown TRs: CS-94-07 Eugene Charniak and Glenn Carroll, ``Context-Sensitive Statistics for Improved Grammatical Language Models'', CS-94-08 Glenn Carroll and Eugene Charniak, ``Combining Grammars For Improved Learning''

Seminar Organizer

Michael L. Littman
Last modified: Fri Oct 3 13:52:47 EDT 1997 by Michael Littman, mlittman@cs.duke.edu