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PhD Defense

Ubiquitous Precise Tracking: From Activity Detection over Indoor Tracking, to Outdoor Vehicle Positioning

 

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Friday, December 18, 2020, 10:00am - 12:00pm

 

Speaker: Mohamed Ibrahim

Location : Remote via Zoom

Committee

Prof. Marco Gruteser (Advisor)

Prof. Dimitri Metaxas

Prof. Badri Nath

Prof. Richard Martin

Prof. Romit Roy Choudhury (UIUC)

Event Type: PhD Defense

Abstract: Context awareness and tracking have changed our daily activities and style of living over the last three decades. Many applications have fueled research and industry efforts to establish accurate, energy-efficient, yet scalable and easy to deploy tracking and sensing systems. One of these applications is indoor and outdoor energy saving. For example, precise room occupancy estimation and activity sensing enable better control of indoor amenities such as light, heating, and air conditioning. These indoor applications can be extended to outdoor use for smart cities, e.g., automatic decrease of lighting for empty streets. However, current tracking systems can still not meet the aforementioned stringent requirements, and as a result there are no real world deployments of such applications. For example, conventional wireless tracking relies on WiFi received signal strength, and more recently on channel state information (CSI) offering decimeter level tracking accuracy. However, these tracking systems require either extensive fingerprints collection (wardriving), the knowledge of anchor locations and/or require expensive hardware that prevents wide deployment of such systems. Therefore, these applications with their sensing requirements still demand more accurate and scalable solutions. This thesis focuses on developing wireless tracking solutions targeting submeter accuracy indoors and meter-level accuracy outdoors by leveraging unconventional wireless signals including visible light and WiFi Fine Time Measurements (FTM). These tracking algorithms can adaptively learn and simultaneously map the environment/anchors while tracking users. The goal of this research is to propose tracking and context aware sensing systems that can tweak their parameters and map the environment through crowd-sourcing without the need of offline training. In particular, the proposed solutions include: (i) EyeLight, a device-free sensing system based on visible light to enable accurate tracking indoors and provide occupancy estimation, room activity recognition services; This system integrates photosensors with light bulbs easing its deployment compared to existing systems requiring the deployment of photosensors on the floor, (ii) an open platform for experimenting with WiFi fine time measurements and a general, repeatable, and accurate measurement framework for evaluating time-based ranging systems, (iii) Wi-Go, a system that simultaneously tracks vehicles and maps WiFi access point positions by fusing WiFi FTMs, GPS, and odometry information. We believe these three systems enable energy-efficient, continuous, precise and easy to deploy indoor and outdoor tracking and context awareness sensing solutions.

 

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